The Three Kayas 佛的三身
The doctrine says that a Buddha has three kāyas or bodies:
- The Dharmakāya or Truth body which embodies the very principle of enlightenment and knows no limits or boundaries;
- The Sambhogakāya or body of mutual enjoyment which is a body of bliss or clear light manifestation;
- The Nirmāṇakāya or created body which manifests in time and space.
The Three Bodies of the Buddha from Mahayana and Pure Land Buddhist thought can be broken down like so:
The Dharmakāya is the embodiment of the truth itself, and it is commonly seen as transcending the forms of physical and spiritual bodies. Dharmakaya is the unmanifested, “inconceivable”, absence is the aspect of a
” Dhammakaya” meditations involve the realization, when the mind reaches its purest state, of an unconditioned “Dhamma Body” (dhammakaya) in the form of a luminous, radiant and clear Buddha figure free of all defilements and situated within the body of the meditator. Nirvana is the true Self, and this is also the Dharmakaya. Buddha. Vairocana Buddha is often depicted as the Dharmakaya 法身
The Sambhogakaya is the reward/enjoyment body, whereby a bodhisattva completes his vows and becomes a Buddha. Amitabha, Vajrasattva , Avalokitesvara, and Manjushri are examples of Buddhas with the Sambhogakaya body. The Sambhogakaya is a “subtle body of limitless form. A Buddha can appear in an “enjoyment-body” to teach bodhisattvas through visionary experiences.
A seed not planted in the soil, without proper conditions of water, air, and sunlight, it will never grow and produce fruit, therefore, without origination is without cessation, this aspect of unceasingness is the Sambhogakaya.報身
The Nirmaṇakāya is a physical/manifest body of a Buddha. An example would be Gautama Buddha‘s body.
All things by nature are lack inherent existence, empty in nature. Yet, we do experience happiness, suffering , all kind of emotional disturbances. All kinds of feelings and perceptions are like reflections in a mirror, lack inherent existence. This reflection-like appearance of phenomena is the Nirmanakaya.應身
As with earlier Buddhist thought, all three forms of the Buddha teach the same Dharma, but take on different forms to expound the truth.
The Buddha taught Dharma for forty nine years, it is no other than to help recover our true self, enlightenment is not Discover something thing new, it is Recover of our own true self. The reason we are so mistaking our image, our body, our names as ourselves, is because we are deluded with our negative karma through countless past lives.
Purification of our body, speech and mind training is the path, is the formula to recover our true self. We live our daily life in a state of semi awake (semi dream state), enlightenment is awakening of our true self.
Awakened mind is Bodhichitta mind, Bodhichitta mind sees reality in two ways, Relative Reality and absolute Reality.
Relative Reality is, for example; when someone hit you with a stick, you feel pain, when you go long time without food, you feel hungry, when you get sick, you see a doctor, you are aware that with a human body, you take care of this body the way human do. If someone talk badly about, wrongfully accused you for something , you are able to incorporate all negativities onto the Buddhist path, transcend those events as opportunity for practice. These takes time and understanding of Dharma, and lots practice. Therefore, we should be thankful for these opportunities.
Absolute Reality is; for example; when we are hit by a stick, we feel pain, if we analyze, what the pain look like? who’s pain is it? it is the body, the illusory body, which we call ours, which is composed of five aggregates, which belong to emptiness. therefore, the pain is of emptiness. This absence is the unborn Dharmakaya.法身
Those Buddhas and Bodhisattvas manifest themselves in their specific pure lands. These worlds are created for the benefits of others. In those lands it is easy to hear and practice the Dharma. (Note: Pure Land is no other than here and now, it’s in a multi dimension sphere which we are unable to see with our ordinary eyes)
There are numerous Sambhogakaya realms almost as numerous as deities in Tibetan Buddhism. These Sambhogakaya-realms are known as Buddha-fields or Pure Lands. A person can be reborn in such a pure land by ” devout prayer , diligent recitation of “Namo Amitabha Buddha”, achieving huge stock of ‘merit’ of a Land’s presiding Buddha. (This practice is a way to complete purification of the mind, without any trace of contamination or attachment)
One manifestation of the Sambhogakaya in Tibetan Buddhism is the rainbow body. This is where an advanced practitioner is walled up in a cave or sewn inside a small yurt-like tent shortly before death. For a period of a week or so after death, the practitioners’ body transforms into a Sambhogakaya light body, leaving behind only hair and nails.
If we look at a radio, listen to the music, we say the radio plays music, but, if we take the radio apart, we fund there is the casing, some wires, some parts and a speaker, we cannot say that the casing is the radio, nor the wires or parts is the radio, nor the speaker is the radio, they are parts, pieces of metal or plastic. The music is not inside or outside the radio, nothing to be found. Our mind is like that, not inside or outside of our body, it cannot be found anywhere, the mind is by nature empty, nevertheless, all phenomena appeared from the mind’s projection, everything appeared to be real, it is beyond origination and cessation, this inseparable union of the three kayas is called the Svabhavikakaya. 化身
Understanding the four Kayas is exmily important, this helps us to see that all thing with illusion are originally pure. Like the sky filled with clouds, we cannot see the sun, we cannot say there is no sun, when the clouds are moved, we can see the blue sky and the sun.
Enlightenment is recovery of our true self. when we remove our delusions, we see our true nature,