Daily Archives: June 30, 2017

The 32 Signs of a Buddha / Great Man 佛的32相

The 32 Signs of a Buddha / Great Man 佛的32相

The Buddha is traditionally regarded as having the Thirty-two Characteristics of a Great Man These thirty-two characteristics are also regarded as being present in kings as well.

The Digha Nikaya, in the “Discourse of the Marks” (Pali: Lakkhaṇa Sutta) enumerates and explains the 32 characteristics. These are also enumerated in the Brahmāyu Sutta of the Majjhima Nikāya

The 32 major characteristics are:

  1. Level feet
  2. Thousand-spoke wheel sign on feet
  3. Long, slender fingers
  4. Pliant hands and feet
  5. Toes and fingers finely webbed
  6. Full-sized heels
  7. Arched insteps
  8. Thighs like a royal stag
  9. Hands reaching below the knees
  10. Well-retracted male organ
  11. Height and stretch of arms equal
  12. Every hair-root dark colored
  13. Body hair graceful and curly
  14. Golden-hued body
  15. Ten-foot aura around him
  16. Soft, smooth skin
  17. Soles, palms, shoulders, and crown of head well-rounded
  18. Area below armpits well-filled
  19. Lion-shaped body
  20. Body erect and upright
  21. Full, round shoulders
  22. Forty teeth
  23. Teeth white, even, and close
  24. Four canine teeth pure white
  25. Jaw like a lion
  26. Saliva that improves the taste of all food
  27. Tongue long and broad
  28. Voice deep and resonant
  29. Eyes dark brown or deep blue
  30. Eyelashes like a royal bull
  31. White ūrṇā curl that emits light between eyebrows
  32. Fleshy protuberance on the crown of the head

 

Note: Physical characteristics of a person can also change according to internal / spiritual enlightenment stages. An example; when a person changes from evil person to a kind person, their facial and physical posture also changes.